According to a survey carried out in 2021 by the Federation of Beauty Companies (FEBEA), the French do not protect themselves enough against the sun’s rays (source 1). Exposing yourself to the sun without protection is dangerous, especially if you live in a sunny country, it is not uncommon to be exposed to the sun every day! Find out how to behave in order to take no risk.
Exposing yourself to the sun without protection: a big mistake!
Good news, according to the study, the French seem to have realized the importance ofSolar cream since they are 40% use it to protect their health, that is, an increase of four points in one year.
The bad news? Despite this awareness, four in ten French people never use it or not enough:
- 20% only apply it once a day;
- 19% of respondents even admit to never wearing it.
This survey reveals that the most resistant are men (27% never use sun protection) and those over 65 (30%). A bad habit far from harmless since France has 90,000 cases of melanoma (skin cancer) including more than 11,000 new cases each year.
76% of respondents also mentioned toxic ingredients. “On the one hand we have products that are subject to draconian controls to ensure their safety for health, the effectiveness of products that is not debated, and on the other hand, we have a serious risk, proven, and noted by all doctors, which is the risk of cancer “, explains Emmanuel Guichard, general delegate of the FEBEA. Before adding: “We must continue to remember that the risks associated with exposure to the sun, without protection, are fatal. the real danger is not protecting yourself! “.
For optimal effectiveness of your sunscreen, you still have to use it in the right way. As a reminder, here are the 10 tips to keep in mind to block the harmful rays of the sun.
1- Despite my dark skin, I do not go without sun protection
Whatever its phototype – classification of the skin according to its sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation – it is necessary to protect yourself from the sun. Even dark skin can get sunburned.
Of course, people with fair skin, hair, and eyes will take extra precautions, due to their low capacity to produce brown pigments.
However, at age 50, dark skin can be more wrinkled and more damaged than fair skin if it has not been sufficiently protected.
2- Even though I use a high index, I put on sunscreen as often as needed
If, without protection, you get sunburned after 20 minutes, an index of 15 allows you, in theory, to be protected 15 times longer, that is to say for 5 hours.
At one condition : put 2 mg of product per square centimeter of skin (equivalent to 6 tsp for the whole body). Since nobody respects these doses, it is necessary to at least divide the time of protection by two or even three.
Specialists agree that it is necessary spread generously every two hours minimum, and every time we get out of the water. And this, regardless of the index used.
3- I get out of the water regularly to put my sunscreen back on
Already out of the water, it is necessary to rapply your minimum sun product every two hours. In water, your product, even if it is suitable (water resistance or waterproof), does not have an unlimited duration of action.
Here again, the reality is quite different, because in the bath is added sweating, drying, heat … The idea being to go out every 2 hours to reapply your favorite product.
4- Over the days, even tanned, I continue to protect myself from the sun
The tanning is the natural protector of the skin: it roughly corresponds to an index of 4. But it does not prevent UVA rays from sneaking up to the lower layers of the skin to do damage to the core of the DNA, damage invisible immediately, but irreversible and cumulative over the years. So, even if you are already tanned, continue to protect yourself! If your skin is naturally resistant to the sun, you can lower the sun protection index after a few days of exposure.
5- In summer, I protect myself from UV rays whatever the weather
Even with clouds, UV rays are very poorly filtered: 90% pass-through. Especially since it is cooler and we tend to stay outside longer. The big black clouds, the nimbus, are good filters. But beware of ” vssome clouds – cirrus clouds, white and luminous clouds – which can even increase UV intensity : + 8% compared to a clear sky! “, says Professor Doré.
Also, do you know what time to stay out of the sun? In France, Ultraviolet (UV) rays are strongest between noon and 4 p.m.
And if you expose yourself to the sun to do full of vitamin D, be aware that in spring and summer, it takes little time for our body to produce vitamin D: 10 to 15 minutes of exposure is enough !
6- If I get sunburned, I stop exposing myself …
A sunburn is a real skin burn: it attacks the basal layer of the epidermis (its deepest layer) and can cause a burn of up to a second or third degree, depending on its intensity.
If this happens to you, it is best to leave the skin in the shade and at rest, until it finally flakes.
7- As the years go by, I am more vigilant before exposing myself
The Sun tanning is part of the body’s defense system against UV damage. Over the years (and especially excessive and repeated exposure), the system loses its effectiveness; the melanocytes end up becoming disordered, exhausting themselves and producing less and less melanin.
Fewer and fewer melanocytes over the years Overtime … The number of melanocytes – tanning cells – decreases by 10 to 20% every ten years. In addition, they are less dark, as the pigmentation decreases with age (as with white hair). It is therefore normal to tan less and to endure the sunless, from your fifties.
8- I take care of my skin so that my tan is lasting
For that it is necessary gradually tan, especially since from the fourth day of exposure, normal skin achieves an equivalent tanning intensity with high or low protection – without forgetting to continue to protect yourself even when you wear the caramel tint of your skin. dreams!
It also matters avoid sunburn, therefore the hours with high UVB content (between 12 p.m. and 4 p.m.). And finally, always hydrate your skin well after exposure.
UV does not heat up (unlike infrared) and more sunburns are received without feeling them coming, because of the wind, swimming, altitude, or the presence of certain clouds.
9- More after-sun at home? I replace it with simple moisturizing milk
All is indeed good for soothe your skin after sun exposure. Even if after-sun creams are full of specific active ingredients (with soothing and anti-inflammatory agents) intended to quench thirst and refresh the skin while compensating for the aggressions it has suffered, a hydratant soap will already help him to recharge his batteries and fight against the drying effect of a day at the beach. It takes three weeks for skin cells to regenerate!
Apply the moisturizing milk or after-sun on clean skin after showering.
10- I think about protecting all the areas of my body
If for some people, putting on sunscreen is indeed an automatic process, it can happen to forget essential areas to protectr:
- Scalp : if you are not wearing a hat, consider applying sunscreen on the hairline to avoid sunburn. Be careful, products intended to preserve them against UV discoloration do not protect the scalp from sunburn, so use an anti-UV stick, their water-free texture being very covering;
- Ears and lips : two areas at very high risk of skin cancer. Constantly exposed to the sun, they must be protected with cream index 30 minimum, just like the rest of the face and body;
- Eyelids: even if you plan to wear sunglasses all day, the skin of the eyelids is the thinnest and most delicate on your whole body, remember to apply sunscreen;
- The neck: often forgotten during our beauty routines, the neck, back, and front, is nevertheless exposed to the sun like the rest of the body, especially if you have short hair;
- Feet and hands: apply the cream all over the upper part, as well as between the toes! The same goes for the hands, which tend to show signs of aging prematurely. You can also opt for a sunscreen rich in antioxidants that helps limit the appearance of spots and fine lines.