Most pregnancies go smoothly. But for some women, medical complications and other factors lead to what is called a risky pregnancy. Going through this type of pregnancy can be very overwhelming, but proper follow-up early on, or even before conception, can help you better manage and minimize the most unpleasant and dangerous effects. Here is a list of the different factors and possible solutions.
Get pregnant when you are a teenager can prevent a good follow-up of the pregnancy because of the delay before the assumption of responsibility. The risks of high blood pressure, anemia and premature labor are also higher.
The mothers over 35 have generally uncomplicated pregnancies, but are slightly more at risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, hypertension and diabetes. Finally, a first pregnancy after the age of 35 involves a high risk of a cesarean delivery, prolonged work andchromosomal abnormalities.
Way of life
If a mother uses alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy, eIt automatically places itself in the risk category. The consumptionalcohol may increase the risk of fetal alcoholism, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, miscarriage and death of the baby at birth. Thesmoking also exposes the fetus to the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, premature birth and certain congenital anomalies, recalls the site She knows.
Women who suffer from hypertension should consult a specialist doctor. A regular monitoring of their blood pressure is essential to avoid the risks of kidney damage, preterm delivery, low birth weight and preeclampsia.
Diabetes and Obesity
It is crucial for women with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels before they get pregnant and throughout their pregnancy. During the first few weeks, hyperglycemia can cause fetal abnormalities. Even women with controlled diabetes require special monitoring during pregnancy to minimize the risk of complications. Obesity is the main cause of diabetes. Follow-up is therefore also essential if the expectant mother suffers obesity or from overweight, so that she stays healthy.
Women affected renal failure can have healthy pregnancies, but it is important to manage the disease to reduce the risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight and preeclampsia. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that interferes with ovulation, often have problems with fertility, miscarriage, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and preterm delivery.
The autoimmune diseases, like lupus and multiple sclerosis, may increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth. While some women find that their symptoms improve during pregnancy, others experience flare-ups. And finally, hemoglobin disorders, like sickle cell anemia, can cause serious complications during pregnancy.
The pregnancy of twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc., has a 50% chance of premature birth. Other possible complications include abnormalities and low birth weight. Many mothers find multiple gestation difficult for several reasons. Good prenatal care and regular monitoring are essential.
First premature birth
Mothers who have given birth to a premature baby before 37 weeks of pregnancy run a higher risk of preterm birth with their current pregnancy. For these mothers, the right treatments can help minimize the risks.