What is AIDS? And what are its symptoms? And what are its complications? How is the infection transmitted?
Definition of AIDS and its most important symptoms, which are difficult to distinguish from regular influenza.. And the means of transmission:
AIDS is a disease whose symptoms are similar to the symptoms of influenza and lasts between two to four weeks after infection with the virus and the symptoms are: high temperature, headache, joint pain, sore throat, tumor in the lymph nodes in the neck, diarrhea, cough, weight loss, and these symptoms Similar to many diseases and may not be noticed, so the spread of infection occurs more easily than its spread in the advanced stages, to not distinguish between it and the normal flu.
When infected with AIDS, which is the acquired immunodeficiency, this leads to a significant damage to the immune system, which leads to the infection of many diseases and types of cancers that affect those with immunodeficiency.
The AIDS virus also continues to multiply and destroy immune cells that help eliminate microbes and germs, which in turn causes a range of accompanying symptoms, such as: high temperature, extreme fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, diarrhea, weight loss, herpes zoster, lung infection. .
The AIDS virus is a type of infection that is sexually transmitted, or through blood transfusion contaminated with the virus, or transmitted from a sick mother infected with the virus during pregnancy, at the time of birth or through breastfeeding, and HIV may remain for years in the body if not treated, weakening the immune system, causing infection. With acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), there is still no cure for this virus, but there are some drugs that slow the process of spreading and expanding the disease.
Therefore, health institutions raised awareness in order to help prevent the spread of the disease, and to raise awareness of the need to use clean needles when injecting medicines and to ensure their safety and cleanliness, and that they be used only once, in addition to working to isolate the infected pregnant woman and her child so that the infection is not transmitted to the healthy, with Give her special care.
Among the most prominent complications caused by AIDS on the patient’s body:
Increase in the activity of the herpes virus: as it is transmitted in body fluids such as blood, urine, saliva, semen and breast milk, it remains dormant and when the immune system is deficient, this virus activates and causes severe damage to the lungs, alimentary canal, eyes, and others.
Pneumonia: As a result of infection with bacteria or fungi.
Some neurological complications: such as depression, anxiety, difficulty walking, forgetfulness and changes in behavior, and with loss of ability to follow life functions.
Kidney disease: The acquired immunodeficiency virus may cause infections in the kidneys, which reduces their ability to eliminate waste products from the blood through urine, which then leads to kidney failure.
Liver disease: It is a serious complication.
Thrush: It is a common infection associated with HIV, which causes infections and a thick white layer in the mouth and on the tongue, esophagus or vagina.
Lymphoma: This cancer begins in the white blood cells and appears in swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.
Kaposi’s sarcoma: It is a tumor in the wall of blood vessels and usually appears as red or scarlet lesions on the skin and mouth that appear on the internal organs such as the digestive system and the lungs.
Wasting and atrophy: due to weight loss, severe weakness and diarrhea.
Tuberculosis (or tuberculosis): due to lack of immunity, tuberculosis occurs, whether in the lungs or any part of the body, and is considered the main cause of death among people with AIDS.
Inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), a common central nervous system infection associated with HIV infection.