If your child has red cheekbones, drools gleefully, nibbles on anything that comes within reach, has swollen gums, moans at night, you can legitimately think he’s teething. Between 6 months and 2 years, 20 baby teeth will pierce the gums of your little one according to a more or less variable schedule from one child to another.
The timing of teething
- Around 6-8 months: 2 central incisors in each jaw.
- Between 8 and 12 months: 2 incisors in the upper jaw and 2 incisors in the lower jaw.
- Between 12 and 16 months: the first 4 molars (two at the top and two at the bottom).
- Between 16 and 20 months: 2 canines in each jaw.
- Between 20 and 24 months: 4 molars (2 in the upper jaw and 2 in the lower jaw).
At one year, if no teeth have come out or if some are missing despite the passing months, it is advisable to consult your dentist or a pedodontist.
Don’t put it all down to baby teeth!
Teething may sometimes be accompanied by a slight fever (no more than 38 ° C), loose stools, diaper rash related to the acidity of the stool, lack of appetite, runny nose or even irritability. Be careful though! One of the pitfalls of young parents is putting it all down to growing teeth.
Warning signs of an underlying disease that require you to see a doctor:
- your child has a fever over 38.5 ° C,
- he has watery and profuse diarrhea (several times a day),
- He vomits,
- his ears hurt or his nasal discharge is colored.
Teething alone cannot be responsible for these symptoms.
The right tips to calm a teething
To relieve your child when their teeth are growing, you can:
- massage her gums with your little finger on which you will have applied a soothing balm (Dolodent, Pansoral, Delebarre …),
- offer him a chilled teething ring, the cold has soothing virtues,
- give him a piece of bread or a chilled carrot from 6-7 months,
- administer a dose of paracetamol if the pain seems to bother him a lot,
- have recourse to homeopathy and phytotherapy: it is customary to appeal to chamomile.
Teeth that grow, what not to do
- File the gums with a piece of sugar.
- Try to help the tooth to pierce the gum with an instrument, otherwise it will cause local infection. Only pediatricians or a dental surgeon are authorized in certain cases to exert pressure on the gum with a tongue depressor when the tooth is about to emerge.
- Give a bottle of sugar water or fruit juice at night so that he calms down on his own. This may promote the appearance of cavities.
- Use local anesthetic or aspirin.
- Use an amber necklace, which can be dangerous for the toddler.
From what age should you brush a baby’s teeth?
- From 4 to 6 months, even in the absence of a baby tooth, pamper your baby’s gums using a wet compress, massaging very gently. Continue this gesture every day, ideally twice a day, as soon as the first teeth appear.
- Around 12 to 18 months, it is time to switch to the toothbrush. This must be very flexible. Brushing is done by the parents and is done with water.
- From the age of 2, you can use a fluoride toothpaste in which the dosage is less than or equal to 500 ppm. Its quantity should not exceed the size of a pea.
- From 3 years old and up to 6 years old, a fluoride toothpaste at 500 ppm is recommended. The child can start brushing their teeth on their own.
No fluoride supplementation before 6 months . It is indeed useless to supplement a baby who has no teeth, estimates the Medicines Safety Agency (ANSM), because an excess of fluoride can cause dental fluorosis, with the appearance of permanent stains on the teeth. . Beyond 6 months, the use of fluoride supplementation only concerns children at high risk of cavities. Talk to your doctor or dentist.