Contrary to popular belief, corns and calluses do not only affect the elderly. They form at any age on dry skin, subjected to pressure and friction. The support zones of the foot are the first to be affected, in particular the “pads” located behind the toes.
Gradually, the horn thickens in places forming small plates: calluses. In the center of this plate, a kind of nail can dig into the skin. This horn, dry and hard, quickly becomes painful. If it forms between the toes, with a soft appearance due to maceration, it is called partridges eyes. By rubbing on the skin, it can become infected.
How to differentiate a horn and a callus?
“All dry feet are at risk, especially in older people with thinner skin, notes Cyril Marchou, chiropodist. But people who walk a lot, for example in very rigid safety shoes, or those who have deformities of the forefoot (claw toes, hallux valgus …), or hollow feet with poor support, are also more likely to develop corns and calluses. ”
Who are the people at risk?
It is recommended that diabetics, whose skin is particularly fragile, carefully monitor their feet.
“The horn can be harmless but, in a diabetic, there is a risk of injury and infection much greater”, indicates the podiatrist.
Corns and calluses: avoid self-medication
Cyril Marchou strongly advises against what he calls “bathroom surgery“.” I see people get hurt trying to remove a horn with a screwdriver or a cutter! “He exclaims. Better to go to a podiatrist who will cut the cord and remove its nucleus using sterilized, disposable instruments.
The practitioner also advises against the use of over-the-counter coincides: “These acids soften the corn on the surface, but do not remove it. These products can burn the skin and cause injury in a diabetic or the elderly.”
Moisturize your skin to prevent these abnormalities
Softening the skin remains the most effective way to protect your feet. A gesture to be made on a daily basis. “It is better to choose a cream suitable for the feet. Products containing shea nuts are interesting, as are urea creams for very dry feet “, assures Cyril Marchou.
The sanding of the horn has no preventive effect on corns and calluses. Too aggressive, can on the contrary worsen the phenomenon.
“The horn is a defense reaction of the skin, recalls the podiatrist. When you grate, you stimulate its formation.”
The expert’s advice? Lightly abrade the heel, on wet foot so as not to cause overheating, and no more than once a week.
To prevent a recurrence, shoes made from a soft material and fitted with heels at the correct height are preferable. Orthopedic insoles can correct the supports of the foot in order to limit pressure and friction.