Who hasn’t bumped into a coffee table or hurt their little toe while banging on the corner of a door? As a result, a bruise that is sometimes very painful. Being well equipped means being able to relieve it quickly.
- The first thing to do: apply ice or, failing that, compresses or a cloth soaked in cool water (which you will then change every 30 seconds) to the lesion. The cold allows the vessels to contract and therefore prevents the diffusion of blood, thus reducing the size of the lump. It also has an anti-pain action.
- The use ofan anti-inflammatory cream or gel : will calm the most important pains and limit the formation of swelling.
- Some homeopathic plants and strains, such as arnica, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, particularly if administered within minutes of shock.
To know: it is important not to massage a bump or a bruise: you risk amplifying the reaction!
Beware of camphorated balms! Often used remedies, balms based on camphor and menthol can cause side effects including convulsions if their content of active ingredients is too high, especially in young children. Better to buy them in pharmacies to be sure that the regulations are respected.
When to consult? Hematomas larger than 5 cm in diameter, very red, hot, localized near the eye or ear, or causing tingling, should prompt medical attention. If the blow affects the head and causes vomiting or nausea, severe headaches or loss of blood from the ears, it is urgent to consult!
(Urgo). 5 € approx. the 150 ml bottle.
- Composition: butane, isobutane, propylene and methylal, gases commonly used in cryotherapy. Anti-inflammatory limonene. Perfume.
- The +: relieves muscle or tendon pain in one application by intense cold, without “therapeutic” molecules. Freon-free, it preserves the environment.
- The – : aerosol format, store away from heat and light because of the flammable gases it contains. Not very practical under the sun.
- In which case ? Relieves immediately after trauma (shock, elongation, strain) by providing instant cold that anesthetizes the pain.
- In practice : immediately spray 10 cm from the area to be treated, protecting the skin with a compress.
- The pharmacist’s advice: press briefly, without prolonged spraying, and stop as soon as frost appears. Repeat the operation as many times as necessary until the desired cold and relief is obtained.
(OTC Medical). 5 € approx. the 89 ml roll-on.
- Composition: isopropyl alcohol, mate extract (Ilex paraguariensis), a medicinal plant with pain-relieving properties, menthol and camphor for their cold effect.
- The +: the roll-on form, practical to apply, especially on very localized lesions and which dries quickly.
- The – : the presence of alcohol contraindicates its use on injured skin, near mucous membranes or eyes.
- In which case ? In benign trauma, this product immediately relieves pain while improving blood supply. Ideal after localized shock. Due
of the alcohol contained in this product, avoid applying it before exposure to the sun.
- In practice : apply Biofreeze 3 to 4 times a day on painful areas until the product is completely absorbed.
- The pharmacist’s advice: ideal in a first aid kit, or at the workplace. However, if you have to spread a surplus of product with your fingers, you should remember to wash your hands after application.
(Bausch & Lomb). € 5.90 approx. the multi-use pocket.
- Composition: a technology mimicking the famous “sachet of frozen peas”, which stores and releases cold (or heat) in a homogeneous and continuous manner.
- The +: an easy-to-clean and reusable pocket, which is suitable for the whole family. It can also be used hot in case of muscle pain, such as lumbago or stiff neck.
- The – : this product is more suitable for bumps on the head, large bruises and diffuse pain than localized pain.
- In which case ? In the event of trauma or blow, to avoid the formation of a too large bump and relieve pain with cold.
- In practice : place the pouch in the refrigerator for 2 hours or in the freezer for 50 minutes for an icy relief. The temperature is maintained for 20 minutes, time recommended by health professionals.
- The pharmacist’s advice: keep the bag in the fridge for immediate use. However, it should not be stored in the freezer.
Voltaren Actigo 2%
(GlaxoSmithKline). € 6.90 approx. the tube of 30 g.
- Composition: diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
- The +: an easy-to-apply gel, available without prescription and containing a recognized anti-inflammatory.
- The – : may cause eczema or inflammation of the skin with prolonged use. In this case, the application will have to be stopped.
- In which case ? This medication is indicated as a short-term local treatment in cases of benign trauma, strain, contusion. Not suitable for children under 15, nor for pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy.
- In practice : one application twice a day, preferably morning and evening. The treatment should not exceed 4 days.
- The pharmacist’s advice: do not use under an occlusive dressing, but rather use a band or a compress, more breathable. Without improvement of pain after 4 days of treatment or if symptoms worsen, consult a doctor.
(Cooper). € 4.90 approx. the 50 g tube.
- Composition: an extract of Arnica 4%, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, associated with essential oils. That of matricaria is anti-inflammatory, that of pink geranium also in addition to being hemostatic, those of neroli and lavender are soothing and promote skin repair.
- The +: a cream formula, which penetrates well into the skin, to use, even on the youngest.
- The – : the terpene derivatives contained in the ointment limit its use over time. Potentially serious side effects, such as seizures, may occur in people with epilepsy or with a history of seizures.
- In which case ? During bruising, light blow or small bump, on all parts of the body.
- In practice : apply the cream every 6 hours to the lesion.
- The pharmacist’s advice: the cream should not be applied to mucous membranes, eyes or a wound. Make a gentle touch until penetration and wash your hands well afterwards.
Bruises and bumps cream gel
(Phytosun Âroms). € 9.50 approx. the 25 ml tube.
- Composition: combination of two essential oils, helichrysum and lavender, and extracts of arnica and calendula, with anti-inflammatory and soothing properties.
- The +: a practical format that delivers a small amount of product. This gel does not stick or stain clothes.
- The – : the rather strong smell of this combination of essential oils which can disturb.
- In which case ? Immediately after impact or fall, to relieve the sensitive area, helps reduce the appearance of bruises and the visibility of bumps. The concentration of essential oils contraindicates its use in pregnant and breastfeeding women, and in children under 3 years old.
- In practice : apply by massage until the product has evaporated, 4 times a day maximum. Avoid before sun exposure.
- The pharmacist’s advice: the gel form contains alcohol which can dry out even the most sensitive skin. For these same reasons, be careful not to apply it near the eyes or mucous membranes!
In homeopathy: Arnicalme
(Boiron). € 5.50 approx. the box of 40 orodispersible tablets.
- Composition: Arnica montana 9 CH at a dose of 2.5 mg per 250 mg tablet for homeopathic preparation. Contains lactose.
- The +: the tablet form to be sucked or diluted, usable from 18 months.
- The – : to be taken very early, just after a shock. Homeopathy may not be suitable for the strongest pains.
- In which case ? Homeopathic arnica is used against bruises, bumps, bruises, and even muscle fatigue. The presence of lactose contraindicates the taking of this drug in intolerant to this excipient.
- In practice : the tablets should be placed under the tongue until completely dispersed. In adults, the recommended dose is 2 orodispersible tablets 3 times a day. In children over 18 months, 1 tablet 3 times a day is sufficient. For all, the maximum duration of treatment is 7 days.
- The pharmacist’s advice: in children under 6 years old, dilute the tablet in a glass of water to avoid aspiration.
(Sanofi Aventis). € 4.90 approx. the tube of 30 g.
- Composition: pentosan polysulfate, a semi-synthetic molecule with anticoagulant properties.
- The +: heals bruises faster by speeding up the bruising time.
- The – : contains parahydroxybenzoate and propylene glycol, two controversial and potentially allergenic products.
- In which case ? This medication is recommended as an adjunct local treatment of mild trauma in adults and children from one year of age.
- In practice : to be used 2 to 4 times a day. Do not apply near the eyes, on mucous membranes, on wounds, on burns, on infected lesions
or oozing skin diseases.
- The pharmacist’s advice: this cream contains a substance similar to heparins, anticoagulant molecules. It aims to fight against inflammation
and thrombosis of the vessels. If, during previous treatment with heparin, you have had an allergic reaction or low blood platelets, this product should not be used.