The attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity (ADHD) is a disorder, a syndrome that appears during childhood, mainly in boys, and associates three symptoms whose intensity varies according to the person: attention deficit, motor hyperactivity (incessant agitation, incapacity to stay put …), and impulsiveness. Its causes remain unknown to this day, while its treatment still begins with non-drug measures. But if this remains insufficient, a psychostimulant drug may be prescribed in some cases. However, pharmacotherapy has its limits and is not well tolerated by some individuals due to adverse reactions.
“This is why it is important to look at new non-pharmacological therapies to treat the symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity, including those mindfulness-based », Explain researchers from the University of Montreal. The latter have just published a meta-analysis of 14 studies carried out on this subject on 834 adults with attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity. Their findings indicate that mindfulness-based therapeutic interventions, such as meditation, yoga, deep breathing and visualization of the body, allow adults with the disease to reduce their symptoms.
Few studies of adults
Its objective was to identify existing studies in the scientific literature on the effects of mindfulness approaches. on ADHD symptoms, depression and executive functions in diagnosed adults. The team looked at 700 studies after having searched the various databases, to retain only 14. “We noticed that few studies met our selection criteria, note the researchers. Several were duplicates, others were not related to mindfulness or were not conducted with subjects with ADHD or only involved children or mixed young people with adults. ”
Of the 14 studies analyzed, 11 concluded that mindfulness approaches significantly reduced inattention and hyperactivity or impulsivity. Furthermore, it appeared that the age of the participants influenced the results, which suggests that adults, compared to children, “may have a better understanding of their condition and therefore be more involved in their treatment than children”. , they add. The duration of the treatments (6 to 96 hours) and the degree ofexperience of therapists (clinical psychologists, mindfulness instructors, nurses, graduate psychology students) also varied considerably from study to study.
Reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression
The studies analyzed also showed that the interventions mindfulness-based are effective for treat ADHD symptoms in adults and to decrease anxiety and the intensity of depression. “These approaches have been shown to be effective against depression and now we know that they can also have a positive effect on ADHD symptoms”, conclude the researchers, for whom “this new therapeutic strategy should be further recommended. This study is in addition to the many studies highlighting the benefits of mindfulness-based therapies, especially meditation, for anxiety, depression and insomnia.
In July 2017, a study published by Inserm in the journal Scientific Reports thus affirmed that to meditatecould improve aging. For this study, 73 people with an average age of 65 had brain imaging tests. Among them, “meditation experts” (15,000 to 30,000 hours of meditation to their credit) had significant differences in certain regions of the brain. However, it is by allowing a reduction in stress, anxiety, negative emotions and sleep problems which tend to increase with age. than meditation could reduce the damaging effects of these factors and have a positive effect on brain aging.