The meal punctuate the days, they are a source of energy but also of pleasure and share. In Parkinson’s disease, no food should be avoided,food play a primary role for maintain well-being and fight against the adverse effects of the disease.
Eat away from taking medication
” The anti-parkinsonian treatmentscompete with dietary protein, informs Claire Trémolières, dietician-nutritionist. There’s a digestive fight between the two, and it’s the protein that wins! It is therefore recommended to eat at least 30 minutes after have taken their medicine. “
It’s important to talk about your rhythm of life with your neurologist because the latter tend to give precise schedules for drugs, which do not correspond to the schedules of the patients. For example: if the medication must be taken at 8:00 p.m. and the person usually eats at 7:00 p.m., they should not eat before 8:30 p.m. However, they may still eat beforehand, which will lead to digestive competition. with medication or eating very little, increasing the risk of undernutrition.
“Parkinson’s disease mainly causes constipation, a risk of undernutrition and, sometimes, swallowing problems, specifies the dietician. Food can then help fight against these disorders. “
Constipation: how to limit the risk?
Constipation is often present from the onset of the disease and lasts until the end.
“It not only involves a digestive discomfort, but also, when it is important, a delayed absorption of treatments, clarifies Claire Trémolières. “
Three good hygiene attitudes should be adopted.
” It’s important to hydrate well by drinking 1 to 1.5 liters of water, herbal tea, tea or coffee every day, ”explains the dietician.
You can choose waters rich in sulphates and magnesium such as Contrex, Hépar, Courmayeur, Badoit, Rozanna, Quézac …
“It is also necessary to introduce into your eating habits a source of fibers found in vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes, continues the dietician. However, if you are not used to consuming fiber, you should go gradually and start with soft and cooked fibers. “
From high fiber foods :
- dried fruits such as prunes, dried figs, dates;
- the Whole grains such as wholemeal bread, bran bread, wholemeal rice or wholemeal pasta;
- vegetables and fruits with peel such as leeks, spinach, green beans, tomatoes as well as apples, kiwi, cherries or grapes;
- the dried vegetables like lentils, chickpeas, beans.
Sponsored by Crédit Agricole Your health ? This is of course an essential subject for you, but also a daily concern for your children and those around you. So that they can be reassured, day after day, about your well-being, Crédit Agricole offers support solutions in the name and on behalf of NEXECUR ASSISTANCE. Their goal ? Allow you to stay calmly at home as long as possible, and be safe when traveling. Among the proposed solutions, the offer Freedom Box (from € 34.90 / month) helps you preserve your outdoor lifestyle thanks to mobile remote assistance. A smartphone or flip phone, easier to use, will be delivered to you to communicate with your loved ones in the same way as with a traditional telephone. His little extra? It also has an emergency button. In the event of a problem, a simple press will allow you to be put in touch with a platform of listeners. In the event of a proven emergency, they will even be able to geolocate you and contact the emergency services. About the Serenity Box, it ensures those who prefer to stay at home to be able to communicate with the listening center (reachable 24/7), by simply pressing the call button on their connected watch, bracelet or necklace. The listening officer then acts directly according to the situation and warns the caregivers (family, friends, neighbors, etc.) or the emergency services, if necessary. To be reassured at home or outside, discover in a few clicks the tailor-made offer, made for you! More information on : www.credit-agricole.fr Add the legal notices: Services provided by NEXECUR ASSISTANCE, SAS with capital of 23,450 euros, head office at 13 rue de Belle-Île, 72190 Coulaines, SIREN 515 260 792 RCS LE MANS, SAP 515 260 792.
Undernutrition: focus on proteins and fats
Undernutrition is one of the consequences of Parkinson’s disease. It can lead to loss of muscle mass, especially among the elderly who are less appreciative of meat.
” It’s necessary count between 1 g and 1.2 g per kilogram of body weight to be distributed throughout the day, specifies Claire Trémolières, and favor the animal protein, better absorbed by the body. For patients who do not appreciate meat, it is necessary think about cheese for example, by doubling or even tripling the usual recommended portion of 30 g. “
And for vegetarians ? “It’s more complicated, warns the dietician. It’s necessary bet on legumes, but they are less well absorbed in the intestinal tract. So you need a certain amount: count raw 75 g per person, and you have to pair with cereals : rice, pasta… ”
In case of undernutrition, we must also think of enrich meals with lipids. “We can increase the intake without increasing the volume on the plate, reassures the dietitian. It suffices, for example, to add a knob of butter in the mash, a melted cheese in the soup, a tablespoon of oil directly on the plate … ”
Swallowing problems: watch out for certain foods
” Some foods are more difficult to swallow than others, warns the dietician. This is the case, for example, of the semolina, from rice, from quinoa, rind foods like bread, the rusks, the puff pastry, the shortbread, others are hard or have a skin which makes them unsuitable. “
In the event of swallowing problems, it is therefore necessary adapt the diet at risk in removing the skin, in cooking more foods, presenting them with a sauce to make them easier to swallow.
“And when it becomes too dangerous, it is necessary to pass on chopped, milled textures », Advises the dietician.
Research: a fruit compound to prevent and treat Parkinson’s disease?
In the United States, researchers have found that a compound, farnesol, found naturally in herbs, berries and other fruits, would help prevent the onset of Parkinson’s disease. It would also reverse the brain damage associated with the disease. This research were carried out on mice. The findings were published on July 28, 2021 in ScienceTranslational Medicine. According to the researchers, this odorous molecule (PARIS) would be able to preventloss of neurons that produce dopamine in the brains of mice. Mice fed the farnesol diet performed better on a strength and coordination test designed to detect changing symptoms of the disease. The study of brain tissue revealed thata diet enriched with farnesol caused twice as many healthy dopaminergic neurons. The mice had 55% more protective PGC-1alpha protein in their brains.
Think about relaxing activities
THE anxiety, the mood disorders, depression can be a side effect of Parkinson’s disease or treatments.
“The practice of yoga, of the sophrology or the meditation has several advantages, warns the dietician. Not only do these activities allow limit sedentary lifestyle, which is important to fight against constipation, but also to keep a social link and D’alleviate anxieties. “
Exercise to slow cognitive decline
The thinking and memory problems are among the most common non-motor symptoms of the disease. A study by researchers at Hallym University in Seoul shows that physical exercise can help slow cognitive decline in some patients. Published March 2021 in Neurology, this states that people with Parkinson’s disease who have the variant of the E e4 or APOE e4 gene, may experience faster and earlier cognitive decline in the disease than people without this variant in question. However, greater physical activity at the start of the study reduced the cognitive decline associated with this genetic peculiarity two years later by 0.007 points on average. More research is needed, but these results tend to prove the benefits of including physical activity in the management of people with early-onset Parkinson’s disease with the APOE e4 gene variant, in order to delay cognitive decline. .