A dull complexion, small blood vessels or sun spots … It’s time to regain luminous skin. Aesthetic medicine offers two techniques for this: peels and lasers.
The peel, in which cases and for what results?
Thanks to its desquamating action, the peel improves the skin texture, tightens the pores and revives the cell renewal. The more powerful it is, the more effective it is.
- the superficial peeling promises radiance in two sessions: “It is ideal for restoring radiance to young skin, smokers, women who have superficial traces of acne », Notes Dr Nadine Pomarède.
- More in depth, the medium peel repair them skin imperfections type spots, roughness, hollow, which it can erase in one go.
In practice :
- the superficial peeling prepare with AHA creams, fruit acids to put 15 days before the session at the dermatologist, in order to exfoliate the superficial layers of the epidermis. During the session, the doctor applies glycolic acid to the skin: you feel more or less intense tingling. The application time goes from 2 to 4 minutes, then compresses soaked in cold water reduce the sensation of heat. A healing cream is applied.
- “The protocol remains the same for the medium peel, but another type of acid, trichloroacetic or TCA, at high concentration is used. “
Are we marked? The light peeling sessions do not leave a trace. But the average 10% peel causes redness, like sunburn. “ We will touch the radiance, the redness, the spots, the skin irregularities, but it will take several sessions, ”says Dr. Boineau. At 30%, plan for a week of red, peeling skin, with a week of social exclusion. “But we get a good result in one session. ”
For what results?
- With a superficial peel, it’s guaranteed radiance. It tightens the pores and smooths the skin texture.
- The medium peel unifies the complexion, it erases the spots, sometimes the melasmas (pregnancy mask) and small redness.
And after? The result is not eternal, and its duration is about a year. “We maintain the results by protecting ourselves from the sun, with daily SPF 50 protection,” says Dr. Boineau.
The laser, in which cases and for which results?
Using different beams of light, some target melanin (pigment laser), others destroy the hemoglobin which gives their color to the tiny red streaks of the skin (vascular laser). The novelty is the use of laser resurfacing to gain shine. Suddenly, dermatologists combine them.
A brighter complexion, smooth and unified skin. The resurfacing lasers (so-called non-ablative and fractionated) have the particularity of creating, at each session, multiple small wells of light on 25% of the skin surface to be treated. By healing, the skin renews its collagen production, which improves its appearance and texture.
“Over time, cell renewal slows down and the complexion loses its radiance. If we add to this, the pollution of cities, cigarettes and the sun, the laser can be recommended at the first signs of aging », Says Dr. Boineau.
The laser resurfacing works very well on thin and normal skin, it is less effective on oily skin.
In practice: we apply an anesthetic cream before the session. Then, the doctor scans all or part of the face using the laser, for about 30 minutes. The skin reddens from the heat.
“If the woman has spots or redness problems, you must first do pigment or vascular laser sessions, before tackling the glow as a whole,” advises Dr. Hervé Brunet. It takes several sessions.
Are we marked? The main feature, and the great advantage, of laser resurfacing, whatever the machine, is that it does not puncture the surface of the skin. There is therefore no crust or lesion, only redness that lasts 24 to 48 hours, and is calmed with a simple moisturizer. On the other hand, the pigment laser, against spots, most often leaves small scabs that fall off after a week. the vascular laser, redness for one to two days. You may be depending on your sensitivity, be a little swollen (edema).
For what results? They are good against spots and rosacea. The results are more mixed with the laser resurfacing. “On the surface, we note radiance, density, and a more homogeneous skin, while the dermis, in-depth, becomes dense and well-vascularized, notes Dr. Boineau. Nevertheless, it seems that the result is sometimes too light, and especially not taking more than six months. ”
And after? It is advisable to renew the sessions twice a year. Sunspots and erased redness should not return, provided you protect yourself from UV continuously with an SPF 50! But maintenance sessions may be necessary if there is a tendency to have diffuse redness.