The menopause is the time in a woman’s life when the ovaries stop their hormonal secretion (estrogen and progesterone) and the formation of an egg each month. It is said that menopause is really “installed” when the rules have been absent for a year. In most women, it occurs naturally between the ages of 45 and 55, but some treatments for Cancer can trigger it earlier: we are talking about menopausecaused by treatment. This is because women treated for cancer can go through menopause quite suddenly with symptoms, such as hot flashes, magnified compared to naturally occurring menopause.
University of Queensland study says physical activity can reduce severity symptoms of menopauseprecocious in women who have received cancer treatment. Published in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society (NAMS), it indicates that symptoms of menopause can occur, for example following radiotherapy,surgical removal of the ovaries or chemotherapy. Procedures which, in premenopausal or perimenopausal women, may trigger ovarian failure and cause sudden menopause and sometimes irreversible with significant and frequent symptoms.
Improvement of somatic symptoms
“Women often report these symptoms of menopause induced by the treatments as a painful side effect that persists long after returning to work and their social roles, ” explain the researchers. The study of 350 women treated for early-stage breast, ovarian, and blood cancers consisted of analyzing the association between physical activity and symptoms of menopause. In addition, the researchers assessed whether an intervention targeting lifestyle (sport, nutrition, sleep, stress management, smoking cessation, reduced alcohol consumption) could have a beneficial impact on physical activity levels and symptoms of menopause.
The results showed a clear association between physical activity and a symptom relief menopause: These were less severe in women with moderate to high levels of physical activity compared to women with low levels of physical activity. “Women who remained physically active reported fewer symptoms associated with menopause. The main advantages were a reduction of depressive symptoms and somatic symptoms, such as nausea, dizziness, fatigue, muscle, and joint pain, as well as improved sleep patterns and sexual function, ”notes the scientific team.
Also recommended against cancer recurrence
Although this is not the first study to examine the association of physical activity with symptoms of menopause, it is the first to focus specifically on the volume and intensity of adequate physical activity. Based on these results, the researchers suggest that cancer service programs dedicated to supporting post-treatment patients take greater account of the importance of physical activity. “Individualized physical training that improves cardiovascular and physical fitness could be beneficial for women, in relieving these symptoms of menopause, and we hope to study this more closely,” the researchers say.
They conclude on the fact that it has also already been shown that regularly practicing moderate to vigorous physical activity also reduces the risk of other chronic patients, but also of cancer recurrence. “This study highlights some of the many known benefits of exercise for women with and without cancer. Although physical activity did not reduce hot flashes, the results are consistent with previous studies: it may help alleviate other symptoms like mood and sleep disturbances Says Dr. Stephanie Faubion, NAMS Medical Director.