In France, the waiting times to receive a sperm donation are one to two years and often more for an egg donation. Suddenly, hundreds of couples go abroad where the procedures are faster, but at a high cost: a couple pays on average 5,000 to 8,000 euros, travel included, for an egg donation in a clinic. European private.
Don’t make it a business
French law is based on a fundamental principle, that of free donation. Nevertheless, the question arises of remunerating the donation of oocytes to encourage women to embark on a rather heavy medical process (hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, then puncture of the oocytes under general or local anesthesia). Professor René Frydman, “father” of the first French test tube baby, therefore suggests that these volunteers be properly compensated. “You just have to be careful not to make a business out of it,” he says.
For this gesture, a Spanish woman receives 900 euros. A French woman is offered a simple reimbursement of expenses. And again… “Women have to wait months to be reimbursed for a train ticket, which can discourage candidates for donation”, regrets Professor Pierre Jouannet, specialist in reproductive biology at Cochin hospital (Paris). For him, there is no need to change the law, it would be enough to start by applying it.
The right to access to one’s origins
Another debate: some children born thanks to the donation of gametes want to know the identity of the donor, in the name of access to their origins ().
However, the donation of spermatozoa or oocytes is, according to French law, completely anonymous. So should the law be changed? Many cite the risk of discouraging candidates for donation by revealing their identity. Some, such as Rabbi Haïm Korsia, member of the National Consultative Ethics Committee (CNEE), want to preserve the balance of the family unit: “We cannot limit the construction of a family to biological and genetic data. ”
Others, such as Professor Pierre Jouannet, specialist in reproductive biology, wonder about the reasons which motivate this search for identity: “The young people who demand the lifting of anonymity are only a few dozen. They do, however, express real suffering that must be taken into account. But I ask if this does not hide another quest. In their testimony, we always find a relationship problem with their parents. ”
The solution may lie in the establishment of a “double window”. This system would allow couples and donors to choose anonymity or not.
Find out more
Consult the two sites set up by the Biomedicine Agency: