In addition to increasing the risk of melanoma, the most dangerous skin cancer, the use of tanning booth would also increase the risk of risk of endometriosis, if a new scientific study is to be believed.
Published on December 2 in the review Human Reproduction, it was conducted among 116,429 American nurses aged 25 to 42 at the start of the study in 1989. Every two years until June 2015, participants completed questionnaires listing their medical history and exposure to risk factors for several diseases. The study focused on the use of UV cabins but also on exposure to the sun, the number of moles on the skin, and the number of sunburns contracted between 15 and 20 years. Among the 95,080 women included in the final analyzes, the researchers identified 4,791 cases of endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy during the follow-up period.
By cross-checking the data obtained and taking into account any bias, the scientists found that compared to women who had never used a tanning booth, women who used them six or more times per year during their teens or early adulthood had a 19% increased risk of endometriosis. If they had used them at this frequency between the ages of 25 and 35, their risk was 24%.
Having five or more sunburns between the ages of 15 and 20 was also associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, 12% more than in women who had never been sunburned. The use of sunscreen was also associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, not because of the products themselves but because it implies increased exposure to the sun, during beach activities, or the like.
“We know very little about how to change their behavior in order to reduce the risk of developing endometriosis. We don’t yet understand much about the relationship between recreational sun exposure and the risk of endometriosis. However, our results suggest thatavoiding excessive exposure to the sun for recreational purposes anduse of tanning booths may lower your risk of endometriosis” Commented Professor Stacey Missmer, co-author of the study.
Endometriosis is a gynecological disease chronic that affects at least one in ten women of childbearing age. It is manifested by the abnormal presence of fragments similar to the endometrium, the uterine lining, outside the uterus: for example on the bladder, fallopian tubes, ovaries, digestive system, diaphragm … This disease disabling causes severe pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea), but often also when going to the bathroom, during sex or even on a daily basis, and is sometimes synonymous with infertility. Treatment can be hormonal, with a contraceptive suppressing the menstrual cycle, or surgical, by removing the lesions. Unfortunately, the disease can recur.